State Flag of Indiana
dimensions shall be three feet fly by two feet hoist; or five feet fly by
three feet hoist; or any size proportionate to either of those dimensions.
The field of the flag shall be blue with nineteen stars and a flaming
torch in gold or buff. Thirteen stars shall be arranged in an outer
circle, representing the original thirteen states; five stars shall be
arranged in a half circle below the torch and inside the outer circle of
stars, representing the states admitted prior to Indiana; and the
nineteenth star, appreciably larger than the others and representing
Indiana shall be placed above the flame of the torch.
The outer circle of
stars shall be so arranged that one star shall appear directly in the
middle at the top of the circle, and the word "Indiana" shall be placed in
a half circle over and above the star representing Indiana and midway
between it and the star in the center above it. Rays shall be shown
radiating from the torch to the three stars on each side of the star in
the upper center of the circle.
The torch represents liberty
and enlightenment. The rays represent far reaching
influence. The state flag was adopted in 1917.
State flag information provided by the Veterans Association and
the Indiana Tourism Division.
Adopted in 1933
|The Tulip Tree
Adopted in 1931
The peony (Paeonia) was adopted as the state flower by the
1957 Indiana General Assembly. From 1931 to 1957, the zinnia was the state
flower. The peony blooms the last of May and early June in various shades
of red and pink and also in white; it occurs in single and double forms.
No particular variety or color was designated by the General Assembly. The
flower is cultivated widely throughout the state and is extremely popular
for decorating gravesites for Memorial Day.
by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources.
Versions of the pioneer
scene have been used on Indiana seals since territorial days. They are
found on official papers as early as 1801. Both the 1816 and 1851
Constitutions provided for a seal to be kept for "official purposes." The
1963 Indiana General Assembly gave legal sanction to the design and
provided an official description:
"A perfect circle, two
and five eighths inches in diameter, enclosed by a plain line. Another
circle within the first, two and three eighths inches in diameter enclosed
by a beaded line, leaving a margin of one quarter of an inch. In the top
half of this margin are the words 'Seal of the State of
At the bottom center,
1816, flanked on either side by a diamond, with two dots and a leaf of the
tulip tree [the state tree], at both ends of the diamond. The inner circle
has two trees in the left background, three hills in the center background
with nearly a full sun setting behind and between the first and second
hill from the left.
There are fourteen rays
from the sun, starting with two short ones on the left, the third being
longer and then alternating, short and long. There are two sycamore trees
on the right, the larger one being nearer the center and having a notch
cut nearly halfway through, from the left side, a short distance above the
ground. The woodsman is wearing a hat and holding his ax nearly
perpendicular on his right. The ax blade is turned away from him and is
even with his hat.
The buffalo is in the
foreground, facing to the left of front. His tail is up, front feet on the
ground with back feet in the air -- as he jumps over a log.
The ground has shoots of
bluegrass, in the area of the buffalo and woodsman."
Information provided by the
Indiana Historical Society.
Indiana State Song
"On the Banks
of the Wabash"
title to listen to the Midi song.
Official Indiana Items
"The Crossroads of America," adopted by
the 1937 Indiana General Assembly.
"Indiana," by Arthur Franklin Mapes of
Kendallville, adopted by the 1963 General Assembly.
River, adopted by the 1996 General Assembly.
Limestone, adopted by the 1996 General Assembly.
Language: English, adopted by the 1984 General
name "Indiana" was created by Congress in 1800
which means "the land of the Indians".
From 1805 to 1813, the
capital of the Indiana territory was
Vincennes and was then moved to Corydon from 1813 to 1825.
Indianapolis became the state capital on January 12, 1825
provided by the Indiana Tourism Division.
- In 1920 the Duesenburg Motor
Company in Auburn produced its first production car and the first
Studebaker automobiles were powered by electricity.
- The first rapid fire gun was
patented by Richard Gatling from Indianapolis in 1862.
- The first automatic
headlight dimmer was developed in Anderson in 1952.
- The winning time of the
first Indianapolis 500 in 1911 was 6 hours, 41 minutes and 8
seconds by driver Ray Harroun.
- John Dillinger was from
- Nineteen-eighteen was the
year an outgoing, likable, six-foot-tall basketball player
named Charles H. "Chuck" Taylor made the Indiana High School
All-State Team. Chuck was a Columbus born athlete and
later a sports broadcaster. He developed a high top sneaker
known as “Chucks” that were created by Converse. They were the
official shoe for the Rolling Stones revival tour.
- The first diesel powered
tractor was produced in Columbus, Indiana in 1930.
- The debut of singer Frank
Sinatra was in Indianapolis at the Lyric Theater February 2,
1940 appearing with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra.
Creek was Indiana's first State Park.
- The original plans of
Jeffersonville City were drafted by Thomas
- One of the nation's first
electric inter-urban lines was opened between the towns of
Brazil and Harmony.
- Elkhart, Indiana is the band
instrument capitol of the World.
- The library in Fort Wayne,
Indiana houses one of the largest genealogy libraries in
- Notre Dame played
its first football game in 1887. They would go on to win 11 national
- Theme parks were invented in
Indiana. The world's first theme park opened on August 3,
1946, in Santa Claus, Indiana. Santa Claus Land opened a
full nine years before Mr. Disney opened his park in
California. Today, Santa Claus Land is called Holiday World,
and includes The Raven - voted the #1 Wooden Coaster on the
planet in 2000. Holiday World continues to be owned and
operated by the same family that got it all started more
than half a century ago.
only *one* Santa Claus Post Office in the world. And it's in
Indiana! Since May 21, 1856, the little post office in Santa
Claus, Indiana, has faced a blizzard of holiday mail each
December as folks send their mail to get the special Santa
Claus, Indiana, postmark.
- Abraham Lincoln grew up in
Indiana. From the time he was 7 until he reached 21, he and
his family lived on a farm in what is now Lincoln City,
Indiana, in Spencer County. There's a national park, a state
park, and even an outdoor drama in his honor.
- The remains of Nancy Hanks
Lincoln, President Abraham Lincoln's mother, rest in a
peaceful pioneer cemetery in Lincoln City, Indiana. She died
in 1818, when Abraham was nine years old.
- Tomato Juice was first
served at a French Lick Hotel.
- A German Buzz Bomb from
WWII, believed to be the only one on public display in the
Nation, can be found on the Putnam County Courthouse lawn in
- The world's first transistor
radio was made in Indianapolis.